Intraoperative Cholangiography Revisited

Benjamin W. Pace, John Cosgrove, Brenda Breuer, Irving B. Margolis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The charts of 1351 patients undergoing cholecystectomy at our institutions from 1985 through 1989 were reviewed retrospectively to evaluate the indications for and the success of intraoperative cholangiography. A total of 800 patients underwent intraoperative cholangiography. They were divided into two groups based on the absence (CR−) or presence (CR+) of clinical and/or operative criteria suggestive of the existence of common bile duct stones. Intraoperative cholangiography in CR− patients was of limited benefit, being negative (normal) in 95.7%, true-positive (abnormal) in 3.3%, and false-positive in 1%. False-positive intraoperative cholangiography resulted in unnecessary common bile duct explorations. Intraoperative cholangiography in CR+ patients proved useful, avoiding unnecessary common bile duct exploration in 55%. In those select CR+ patients with palpable common bile duct stones or cholangitis, little additional information was gained by the intraoperative cholangiography. We conclude that routine screening intraoperative cholangiography in CR− patients be reconsidered, as should the use of intraoperative cholangiography in CR+ patients with a palpable common bile duct stone or cholangitis. Intraoperative cholangiography in the remainder of CR+ patients proved beneficial and should be continued.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-450
Number of pages3
JournalArchives of Surgery
Volume127
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1992
Externally publishedYes

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