Intracardiac MR imaging (ICMRI) guiding-sheath with amplified expandable-tip imaging and MR-tracking for navigation and arrythmia ablation monitoring: Swine testing at 1.5 and 3T

Ehud J. Schmidt, Gregory Olson, Junichi Tokuda, Akbar Alipour, Ronald D. Watkins, Eric M. Meyer, Hassan Elahi, William G. Stevenson, Jeffrey Schweitzer, Charles L. Dumoulin, Thomas Johnson, Aravindan Kolandaivelu, Wolfgang Loew, Henry R. Halperin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Develop a deflectable intracardiac MR imaging (ICMRI) guiding-sheath to accelerate imaging during MR-guided electrophysiological (EP) interventions for radiofrequency (500 kHz) ablation (RFA) of arrythmia. Requirements include imaging at three to five times surface-coil SNR in cardiac chambers, vascular insertion, steerable-active-navigation into cardiac chambers, operation with ablation catheters, and safe levels of MR-induced heating. Methods: ICMRI’s 6 mm outer-diameter (OD) metallic-braided shaft had a 2.6 mm OD internal lumen for ablation-catheter insertion. Miniature-Baluns (MBaluns) on ICMRI’s 1 m shaft reduced body-coil-induced heating. Distal section was a folded “star”-shaped imaging-coil mounted on an expandable frame, with an integrated miniature low-noise-amplifier overcoming cable losses. A handle-activated movable-shaft expanded imaging-coil to 35 mm OD for imaging within cardiac-chambers. Four MR-tracking micro-coils enabled navigation and motion-compensation, assuming a tetrahedron-shape when expanded. A second handle-lever enabled distal-tip deflection. ICMRI with a protruding deflectable EP catheter were used for MR-tracked navigation and RFA using a dedicated 3D-slicer user-interface. ICMRI was tested at 3T and 1.5T in swine to evaluate (a) heating, (b) cardiac-chamber access, (c) imaging field-of-view and SNR, and (d) intraprocedural RFA lesion monitoring. Results: The 3T and 1.5T imaging SNR demonstrated >400% SNR boost over a 4 × 4 × 4 cm3 FOV in the heart, relative to body and spine arrays. ICMRI with MBaluns met ASTM/IEC heating limits during navigation. Tip-deflection allowed navigating ICMRI and EP catheter into atria and ventricles. Acute-lesion long-inversion-time-T1-weighted 3D-imaging (TWILITE) ablation-monitoring using ICMRI required 5:30 min, half the time needed with surface arrays alone. Conclusion: ICMRI assisted EP-catheter navigation to difficult targets and accelerated RFA monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2885-2900
Number of pages16
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume87
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute RF lesion imaging
  • cardiac electrophysiology
  • interventional MRI

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Intracardiac MR imaging (ICMRI) guiding-sheath with amplified expandable-tip imaging and MR-tracking for navigation and arrythmia ablation monitoring: Swine testing at 1.5 and 3T'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this