Interventional Management of Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Disease: Patient Selection and Technique Optimization

David G. Rizik, Kevin J. Klassen, Robert F. Burke, John Mc B. Hodgson, Gregg W. Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

For many years, coronary artery bypass graft surgery has been the gold standard for revascularization of patients with left main disease; however, increasing evidence suggests that percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents may be an acceptable alternative or even preferred in select cases. This review will present clinical evidence examining the outcomes of drug-eluting stents compared to coronary artery bypass graft surgery for unprotected left main coronary artery disease and discuss the anatomic factors, patient variables, and clinical strategies that may dictate choice of revascularization modality for patients with left main disease. If percutaneous coronary intervention is selected to treat unprotected left main disease, meticulous technique is essential to optimize outcomes, including use of procedural physiology and imaging guidance, optimal stent and adjunct pharmacology use, and expert management of the distal bifurcation. Finally, issues of equipoise and uncertainty are identified, representing areas for future investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-338
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiology
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

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