1. Antibodies to mouse liver cytochrome P3-450 (anti-P3-450) and antibodies to rat liver cytochrome P-450d (anti-P-450d-c) both inhibit the O-deethylation of 7-ethoxyresorufin (ER) in liver microsomes of benzo(a)pyrene-induced (BP) mice but do not inhibit the O-deethylase activity in liver microsomes of BP-induced rats. 2. Anti-P3-450 and anti-P-450d-c inhibit BP hydroxylation in BP-induced mouse liver microsomes by 20%, but they do not inhibit this reaction at all in BP-induced rat liver microsomes. 3. Isolated cytochrome P3-450 in a reconstituted monooxygenase system metabolized 7-ER and BP. In contrast, its homologue, cytochrome P-450d, does not metabolize these substrates. The fraction containing cytochrome P1-450 metabolized 7-ER at a low rate and BP at a rate of 3.6 nmol product/min per nmol cytochrome. 4. Western blot analysis with anti-P-450c + d revealed two bands in SDS-PAGE gels containing BP-induced mouse liver microsomes corresponding to cytochrome P1-450, 55.0 kDa, and cytochrome P3-450, 54.5 kDa. There appeared a single band (cytochrome P3-450) in interaction of mouse liver BP-microsomes with anti-P3-450 and anti-P-450d-c.