Intersection of Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Alcohol-associated Liver Disease: A Review of Emerging Trends and Implications

Elizabeth S. Aby, Alexander S. Vogel, Adam C. Winters

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This review will provide an overview of alcohol use and alcohol associated liver disease (ALD) prior to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the impact of the pandemic on alcohol use and ALD. Furthermore, this review will explore strategies to mitigate the growing disease burden of AUD and ALD. Methods: A search using PubMed was performed for articles on topics related to alcohol use, ALD, and COVID-19. The literature was reviewed and pertinent sources were used for this narrative review. Findings: In the United States (US), excessive alcohol use is the third leading cause of preventable death. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, the increasing prevalence of alcohol use disorder (AUD) and ALD in the US had already constituted a public health crisis given the association between alcohol misuse, AUD, and ALD with significant medical, economic, and societal burdens. The COVID-19 pandemic led to increased alcohol consumption and downstream consequences, including increased prevalence of AUD, ALD, ALD-related hospitalization and death, and liver transplantation for ALD. Implications: There is a critical need for additional, multi-pronged interventions to mitigate the mortality and morbidity linked to ALD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1164-1170
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Therapeutics
Volume45
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Alcohol use disorder
  • Alcohol-associated cirrhosis
  • Alcohol-associated hepatitis
  • Alcohol-associated liver disease
  • COVID-19

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