Interleukin 1 induction of the c-jun promoter

K. Muegge, M. Vila, G. L. Gusella, T. Musso, P. Herrlich, B. Stein, S. K. Durum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


Interleukin 1 (IL-1) induces pleiotropic effects in many cell types during inflammation and immunity. We have recently shown how the IL-1 signal is transmitted to the nucleus: In T cells and in pituitary cells, IL-1 induced genes via activation of the nuclear factor AP-1. We now demonstrate how IL-1 activates the AP-1 factor in liver cells, which are a major target for IL-1 during the acute phase response in vivo. IL-1 induced gene transcription of both AP-1 components, c-jun and c-fos. IL-1 also increased the stability of c-jun mRNA. We define two enhancer sites in the jun promoter that are required for induction by IL-1. Although the binding sites share some similarity with the AP-1 binding site, the nuclear factors binding the jun motifs are not composed of Jun or Fos proteins. Thus these data identify two binding proteins that serve as one of the first nuclear targets for IL-1 signal transduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7054-7058
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number15
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes


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