Interferon-β pretreatment of conventional and plasmacytoid human dendritic cells enhances their activation by influenza virus

Hannah Phipps-Yonas, Jeremy Seto, Stuart C. Sealfon, Thomas M. Moran, Ana Fernandez-Sesma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Influenza virus produces a protein, NS1, that inhibits infected cells from releasing type I interferon (IFN) and blocks maturation of conventional dendritic cells (DCs). As a result, influenza virus is a poor activator of both mouse and human DCs in vitro. However, in vivo a strong immune response to virus infection is generated in both species, suggesting that other factors may contribute to the maturation of DCs in vivo. It is likely that the environment in which a DC encounters a virus would contain multiple pro-inflammatory molecules, including type I IFN. Type I IFN is a critical component of the viral immune response that initiates an antiviral state in cells, primarily by triggering a broad transcriptional program that interferes with the ability of virus to establish infection in the cell. In this study, we have examined the activation profiles of both conventional and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (cDCs and pDCs) in response to an influenza virus infection in the context of a type I IFN-containing environment. We found that both cDCs and pDCs demonstrate a greater activation response to influenza virus when pre-exposed to IFN-β (IFN priming); although, the priming kinetics are different in these two cell types. This strongly suggests that type I IFN functions not only to reduce viral replication in these immune cells, but also to promote greater DC activation during influenza virus infections.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1000193
JournalPLoS Pathogens
Volume4
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

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