Interest and attitudes about hypnosis in a large community sample

Guy H. Montgomery, Madalina Sucala, Matthew J. Dillon, Julie B. Schnur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite the available empirical evidence supporting the efficacy of hypnosis for alleviating symptoms and side effects across a variety of clinical contexts, hypnosis has failed to disseminate widely. One way to try to better understand the lack of hypnosis dissemination is to apply a marketing theory approach, focusing on attitudes and beliefs about a product (hypnosis) held by consumers. Better understanding of such factors can lead to strategies to promote the product among consumers, and in this case, encourage dissemination. The goal of the study was to investigate relationships between interest in hypnosis use and (a) attitudes about hypnosis, (b) beliefs about the effectiveness of hypnosis (i.e., hypnosis credibility, and hypnosis effectiveness expectancies), (c) past experience with hypnosis, and (d) the perceived hedonic value and utility of hypnosis. The study also explored participants' preferences for hypnosis delivery method (i.e., live or recorded), as well as preferences for hypnosis labeling (i.e., how hypnosis is defined). Participants (N = 509) were recruited through Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) and completed an anonymous online survey. The results revealed that participants' attitudes about hypnosis, their expectancies for the effectiveness of hypnosis, and the perceived hedonic value of hypnosis accounted for unique variance in participants' interest in hypnosis use, ps < .05. Together, these variables accounted for 73% of the variance in participants' interest in hypnosis use. Based on these findings, we recommend that these key variables should be considered when planning for greater dissemination and uptake of empirically supported hypnosis interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-220
Number of pages9
JournalPsychology of Consciousness: Theory Research, and Practice
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Expectancies
  • Hedonic
  • Hypnosis
  • Interest

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