Interdevice variability of central corneal thickness measurement

Peter M. Maloca, Harald P. Studer, Renato Ambrósio, David Goldblum, Simon Rothenbuehler, Daniel Barthelmes, Sandrine Zweifel, Hendrik P.N. Scholl, Konstantinos Balaskas, Adnan Tufail, Pascal W. Hasler

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14 Scopus citations


Purpose To evaluate variability of central corneal thickness measurement (CCT) devices using a hitherto unprecedented number of CCT devices. Methods CCT was measured consecutively in 122 normal corneas of 61 subjects with seven different devices using three distinct measurement technologies: Scheimpflug, Ultrasound, and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Per device deviation from the mean CCT value per eye was used to determine which of the devices performed best, compared to the mean value. Results Cirrus OCT yielded the lowest deviation. Deviations of the individual devices from the mean CCT of each eye were (OS/OD) 12.8±5.0/14.9±9.4 μm for Topcon noncontact specular microscopy (NCSM), 11.3±5.9/10.6±7.3 μm for Pentacam, 10.7±5.2/10.4±4.8 μm for Spectralis OCT, 6.0±3.9/6.2±4.9 μm for Topcon DRI OCT, 5.1±3.4/5.9±10.3 μm for AngioVue OCT, 4.8±4.1/5.7±4.6 μm for US pachymetry, and 4.2±3.2/5.7±4.6 μm for Cirrus OCT. The maximum differences between US pachymetry and the other devices were very high (up to 120 μm). Conclusion Central corneal thickness may be under- or overestimated due to high interdevice variations. Measuring CCT with one device only may lead to inappropriate clinical and surgical recommendations. OCT showed superior results.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0203884
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes


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