CD2 (T11, the T cell E receptor), a nonpolymorphic 47- to 55-kDa glycoprotein, is a T cell-specific surface protein that plays an important role in T lymphocyte adhesion, signal transduction, and differentiation. A natural ligand of CD2 is lymphocyte function associated Ag-3 (LFA-3 (CD58)), a widely expressed glycoprotein of 50 to 70 kDa. The physiologic interaction of CD2 with LFA-3 functions to increase intercellular adhesion and plays a role in T cell activation. This interaction, however, in the absence of other stimuli, has not previously been shown to induce intracellular signals such as Ca2+ mobilization or IL-2 production. To investigate whether cAMP may play a role in ligand-triggered CD2-mediated signal transduction, we have studied the ability of purified LFA-3 and anti-CD2 mAb to induce changes in intracellular cAMP content in murine Ag-specific T cell hybridomas that stably express wild-type and mutated human CD2 molecules. By using a RIA sensitive to the femtomolar range and specific for cAMP, we demonstrate that purified LFA-3, like anti-CD2 mAb, is capable of inducing marked, transient increases in the intracellular concentration of cAMP. Presentation of purified LFA-3 alone to CD2-expressing hybridoma cells, however, did not stimulate phosphatidylinositol turnover nor IL-2 production. The cytoplasmic domain of CD2 is necessary for these ligand-induced cAMP changes, demonstrating that LFA-3 binding to CD2 transduces a signal to the cell. Experiments using the phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine showed that CD2-mediated regulation of cAMP levels occurs primarily by the stimulation of cAMP production rather than by the inhibition of cAMP degradation. These results demonstrate that the interaction of LFA-3 with CD2, in the absence of other stimuli, is capable of initiating intracellular biochemical changes and suggest that CD2/LFA-3 interactions may regulate T cell function at least in part through the generation of intracellular cAMP.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1991|