Interaction between the insulin receptor and its downstream effectors: Use of individually expressed receptor domains for structure/function analysis

Keren Paz, Hedva Voliovitch, Yaron R. Hadari, Charles T. Roberts, Derek LeRoith, Yehiel Zick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

A structural analysis has been carried out to determine which part of the intracellular domain of the insulin receptor (IR) β subunit is involved in direct interaction with the receptor substrates IRS-1 and Shc. Toward this end, the juxtamembrane (JM) domain (amino acids 943-984) and the carboxyl-terminal (CT) region (amino acids 1245-1331) of IR were expressed in bacteria as (His)6-fusion peptides, and their interaction with IRS-1 and Shc was studied. We could demonstrate that the CT region of IR was sufficient to bind Shc, although significant, but much lower binding of Shc to the JM region could be detected as well. Furthermore, in vitro Tyr phosphorylation of the CT region potentiated its interactions with Shc 2-fold. In contrast, the JM region, but not the CT domain of the IR, was sufficient to mediate interactions between the IR and IRS-1. These interactions did not involve the pleckstrin homology (PH) region of IRS-1, since an IRS-1 mutant, in which four "blocks" of the PH domain (Pro5-Pro65) were deleted, interacted with the JM region of IR with the same efficiency as native IRS-1. These results suggest that the ER interacts with its downstream effectors through distinct receptor regions, and that autophosphorylation of Tyr residues located at the CT domain of the IR can modulate these interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6998-7003
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Mar 1996
Externally publishedYes

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