Intensive care of patients with HIV infection in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy

Mark J. Rosen, Mangala Narasimhan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The use of combination antiretroviral treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has made AIDS a chronic controllable illness in many patients, and the incidence of opportunistic infections and the mortality have decreased considerably since early in the epidemic. The most common reason for ICU admission in patients with AIDS is respiratory failure, but they are less likely to be admitted for Pneumocystis pneumonia and other HIV-associated opportunistic infections. HIV-infected persons are more likely to receive ICU care for complications of end-stage liver disease and sepsis. Hepatitis C has emerged as a common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV infection. In addition, some develop life-threatening complications from antiretroviral drug toxicity, and the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome can lead to ICU admission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-167
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Pulmonary Medicine
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • HIV
  • Intensive care
  • Outcomes
  • Respiratory failure

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Intensive care of patients with HIV infection in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this