Eucommia ulmoides has attracted much attention as a valuable natural rubber (Eu-rubber) production tree. As a strategic material, Eu-rubber plays a vital role in general and defence industries. However, the study of Eu-rubber biosynthesis at a molecular level is scarce, and the regulatory network between microRNAs (miRNAs) and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in Eu-rubber biosynthesis has not been assessed. In this study, we comprehensively analyzed the transcriptomes, small RNAs (sRNAs) and degradome to reveal the regulatory network of Eu-rubber biosynthesis in E. ulmoides. A total of 82,065 unigenes and 221 miRNAs were identified using high-throughput sequencing; 20,815 targets were predicted using psRNATarget software. Of these targets, 779 miRNA-target pairs were identified via degradome sequencing. Thirty-one miRNAs were di erentially expressed; 22 targets of 34 miRNAs were annotated in the terpenoid backbone biosynthesis pathway (ko00900) based on the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). These miRNAs were putatively related to Eu-rubber biosynthesis. A regulatory network was constructed according to the expression profiles of miRNAs and their targets. These results provide a comprehensive analysis of transcriptomics, sRNAs and degradome to reveal the Eu-rubber accumulation, and provide new insights into genetic engineering techniques which may improve the content of Eu-rubber in E. ulmoides.
- Eucommia ulmoides
- high-throughput sequencing