Integrated disinfection by-products research: Assessing reproductive and developmental risks posed by complex disinfection by-product mixtures

Glenn Rice, Linda K. Teuschler, Thomas F. Speth, Susan D. Richardson, Richard J. Miltner, Kathleen M. Schenck, Chris Gennings, E. Sidney Hunter, Michael G. Narotsky, Jane Ellen Simmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article presents a toxicologically-based risk assessment strategy for identifying the individual components or fractions of a complex mixture that are associated with its toxicity. The strategy relies on conventional component-based mixtures risk approaches such as dose addition, response addition, and analyses of interactions. Developmental toxicity data from two drinking-water concentrates containing disinfection by-products (DBP) mixtures were used to illustrate the strategy. The results of this study showed that future studies of DBP concentrates using the Chernoff-Kavlock bioassay need to consider evaluating DBP that are concentrated more than 130-fold and using a rat strain that is more sensitive to chemically-induced pregnancy loss than Sprague-Dawley rats. The results support the planned experimental design of a multigeneration reproductive and developmental study of DBP concentrates. Finally, this article discusses the need for a systematic evaluation of DBP concentrates obtained from multiple source waters and treatment types. The development of such a database could be useful in evaluating whether a specific DBP concentrate is sufficiently similar to tested combinations of source waters and treatment alternatives so that health risks for the former may be estimated using data on the latter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1222-1234
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A: Current Issues
Volume71
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes

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