Insulin receptor substrate-4 enhances insulin-like growth factor-I- induced cell proliferation

Bao He Qu, Michael Karas, Anatolii Koval, Derek LeRoith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


The insulin receptor substrates (IRSs)-1-4 play important roles in signal transduction emanating from the insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I receptors. IRS-4 is the most recently characterized member, which has been found primarily in human cells and tissues. It interacts with SH2- containing proteins such as phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K), Grb2, Crk- II, and CrkL. In this study, we transfected IRS-4 in mouse NIH-3T3 cells that overexpress IGF-I receptors. Clones expressing IRS-4 showed enhanced cellular proliferation when cells were cultured in 1% fetal bovine serum without added IGF-I. Addition of IGF-I enhanced cellular proliferation in cells overexpressing the IGF-I receptor alone but had an even greater proliferative effect in cells overexpressing both the IGF-I receptors and IRS-4. When etoposide and methylmethane sulfonate (MMS), both DNA damaging agents, were added to the cells, they uniformly induced cell cycle arrest. Fluorescence- activated cell sorter analysis demonstrated that the arrest of the cell cycle occurred at the G1 checkpoint, and furthermore no significant degree of apoptosis was demonstrated with the use of either agent. In cells, overexpressing IGF-I receptors alone, IGF-I addition enhanced cellular proliferation, even in the presence of etoposide and MMS. In cells overexpressing IGF-I receptors and IRS-4, the effect of IGF-I in overcoming the cell cycle arrest was even more pronounced. These results suggest that IRS-4 is implicated in the IGF-I receptor mitogenic signaling pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31179-31184
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number44
StatePublished - 29 Oct 1999
Externally publishedYes


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