Insights into the perinatal phenotype of Kabuki syndrome in infants identified by genome-wide sequencing

Kristen Wigby, Monia Hammer, Mari Tokita, Priyanka Patel, Marilyn C. Jones, Austin Larson, Frances Velez Bartolomei, Natalie Dykzeul, Anne Slavotinek, Tiffany Yip, Sara Bandres-Ciga, Brittany N. Simpson, Kristen Suhrie, Suma Shankar, Regan Veith, Jennifer Bragg, Cynthia Powell, Stephen F. Kingsmore, David Dimmock, Jill MaronJonathan Davis, Miguel Del Campo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Increasing use of unbiased genomic sequencing in critically ill infants can expand understanding of rare diseases such as Kabuki syndrome (KS). Infants diagnosed with KS through genome-wide sequencing performed during the initial hospitalization underwent retrospective review of medical records. Human phenotype ontology terms used in genomic analysis were aggregated and analyzed. Clinicians were surveyed regarding changes in management and other care changes. Fifteen infants met inclusion criteria. KS was not suspected prior to genomic sequencing. Variants were classified as Pathogenic (n = 10) or Likely Pathogenic (n = 5) by American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Guidelines. Fourteen variants were de novo (KMT2D, n = 12, KDM6A, n = 2). One infant inherited a likely pathogenic variant in KMT2D from an affected father. Frequent findings involved cardiovascular (14/15) and renal (7/15) systems, with palatal defects also identified (6/15). Three infants had non-immune hydrops. No minor anomalies were universally documented; ear anomalies, micrognathia, redundant nuchal skin, and hypoplastic nails were common. Changes in management were reported in 14 infants. Early use of unbiased genome-wide sequencing enabled a molecular diagnosis prior to clinical recognition including infants with atypical or rarely reported features of KS while also expanding the phenotypic spectrum of this rare disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)930-940
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume191
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Kabuki syndrome
  • infant
  • phenotype
  • unbiased genome-wide sequencing

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