Innovative Single-Armed Suture Technique for Microsurgical Vasoepididymostomy

Mara A. Monoski, Jonathan Schiff, Philip S. Li, Peter T.K. Chan, Marc Goldstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Objectives: Vasoepididymostomy outcomes are heavily dependent on the surgeon's microsurgical experience and skill. To avoid back-walling the tubular lumen, the needles are generally placed inside-out through the vasal lumen using double-armed microsutures. These double-armed sutures for infertility microsurgery are very expensive and may be difficult to obtain. We describe a randomized trial that used a novel single-armed suture placement pattern for vasoepididymostomy. Methods: Male adult Wistar rats underwent vasectomy. Two weeks later, vasoepididymostomies were performed using either a single-armed longitudinal intussusception vasoepididymostomy (n = 6) or a standard double-armed longitudinal intussusception vasoepididymostomy (n = 6) technique. After 9 weeks, patency was assessed functionally by evaluating for motile sperm distal to the anastomosis. If no motile sperm were visible, the mechanical patency of the anastomoses was tested by the ability of methylene blue to pass through the surgical anastomosis. Results: The patency rate for the double-armed vasoepididymostomy group was 100% (6 of 6) compared with 83.3% (5 of 6) for the single-armed vasoepididymostomy group. This difference was not significant (P = 0.50). Sperm granulomas were found in three (50%) of six anastomoses in the double-armed group and five (83%) of six anastomoses in the single-armed vasoepididymostomy group (P = 0.27). The mean operative times for the double and single-armed longitudinal intussusception vasoepididymostomy techniques were similar (35 minutes versus 43 minutes; P = 0.39). Conclusions: The results of our study have shown that the single-armed suture technique to perform vasoepididymostomy is almost as effective as the double-armed technique. Although we still prefer to use double-armed sutures, we believe that this is a practical and effective alternative when specialized double-armed microsurgical sutures are not available.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)800-804
Number of pages5
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes


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