1-(5-Isoquinolinylsulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7), a protein kinase inhibitor, suppressed interleukin 2 (IL-2) production and IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) expression of the human leukemic T-cell line, Jurkat, induced by 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate and phytohemagglutinin-P. This effect was significant at 5 μM H-7 without loss of cell viability. Such activity was not observed with N-(2-guanidinoethyl)-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide (HA1004), a potent inhibitor of cGMP- and cAMP-dependent kinases, and a weak inhibitor of Ca2+-phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C). These findings suggest that protein kinase C is more closely associated with IL-2 receptor expression and IL-2 production of T cells than cGMP- or cAMP-dependent kinases. In addition, N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide (W-7), a calmodulin inhibitor, suppressed both IL-2 production and IL-2R expression. Cycrosporin A (Cy A), a potent immunosuppressive drug, markedly inhibited IL-2 production of Jurkat cells whereas it did not affect the IL-2R expression. Thus, the mechanism of action of Cy A appears to differ from that of the protein kinase inhibitor, H-7, and the calmodulin inhibitor, W-7.