Inhibition of the mitochondrial permeability transition by cyclosporin A prevents pyrazole plus lipopolysaccharide-induced liver injury in mice

Jian Zhuge, Arthur I. Cederbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous results showed that pyrazole potentiates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced liver injury in mice. Mechanisms involved the overexpression of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1), oxidative stress, and activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). The current study was carried out to test the hypothesis that the mitochondria permeability transition (MPT) plays a role in this pyrazole plus LPS toxicity. Mice were injected intraperitoneally with pyrazole for 2 days, followed by a challenge with LPS with or without treatment with cyclosporin A (CsA), an inhibitor of the MPT. Serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase were increased by pyrazole plus LPS treatment, and CsA treatment could attenuate these increases. CsA also prevented pyrazole plus LPS-induced hepatocyte necrosis. Formation of 4-hydroxynonenal protein adducts and 3-nitrotyrosine protein adducts in liver tissue was increased by the pyrazole plus LPS treatment, and CsA treatment blunted these increases. Swelling, cytochrome c release from mitochondria to the cytosol, and lipid peroxidation were increased in mitochondria isolated from the pyrazole plus LPS-treated mice, and CsA treatment prevented these changes. CsA did not prevent the increased levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), pp38 MAPK, and p-JNK2. In conclusion, although CsA does not prevent elevations in upstream mediators of the pyrazole plus LPS toxicity (iNOS, TNF-α, CYP2E1, MAPK), it does protect mice from the pyrazole plus LPS-induced liver toxicity by preventing the MPT and release of cytochrome c and decreasing mitochondrial oxidative stress. These results indicate that mitochondria are the critical targets of pyrazole plus LPS in mediating liver injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-413
Number of pages8
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2009

Keywords

  • Cyclosporin A
  • Free radicals
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Mitochondrial permeability transition
  • Necrosis
  • Pyrazole
  • Reactive oxygen species

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