Background: Poly ADP-ribose glycohydrolase (PARG) is responsible for the catabolism of PARP-synthesized PAR to free ADP-ribose. Inhibition of PARG leads to DNA repair interruption and consequently induces cell death. This study aims to evaluate the effect of a PARG inhibitor (PARGi) on epithelial ovarian cancer (OC) cell lines, alone and in combination with a PARP inhibitor (PARPi) and/or Cisplatin. Methods: PARG mRNA levels were studied in three different OC datasets: TCGA, Hendrix, and Meyniel. PARG protein levels were assessed in 100 OC specimens from our bio-bank. The therapeutic efficacy of PARGi was assessed using cell migration and clonogenic formation assays. Flow cytometry was used to evaluate the cell apoptosis rate and the changes in the cell cycle. Results: PARG protein was highly expressed in 34% of the OC tumors and low expression was found in another 9%. Similarly, Hendrix, Meyneil and TCGA databases showed a significant up-regulation in PARG mRNA expression in OC samples as compared to normal tissue (P=0.001, P=0.005, P=0.005, respectively). The use of PARGi leads to decreased cell migration. PARGi in combination with PARPi or Cisplatin induced decreased survival of cells as compared to each drug alone. In the presence of PARPi and Cisplatin, PARG knockdown cell lines showed significant G2/M cell cycle arrest and cell death induction. Conclusions: PARG inhibition appears as a complementary strategy to PARP inhibition in the treatment of ovarian cancer, especially in the presence of homologous recombination defects.
- homologous recombination
- ovarian cancer
- poly (ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG)
- poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors
- targeted therapies