Inhibition and recovery of semiconservative DNA synthesis in normal and solar UV sensitive ICR 2a frog cell lines following the induction of non-dimer DNA damage by sunlamp UV ≥ 315 nm

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Abstract

Cultures of the solar UV-sensitive cell lines, DRP 36 and DRP 153, and of the parental ICR 2A cell line, were exposed to 150 kJ/m2 of sunlamp UV ≥ 315 nm plus photoreactivating light. This treatment resulted in the induction primarily of non-dimer DNA damage. Following either a 0, 3, 6, 12 or 24 h incubation, the cultures were pulse-labelled with [3H]thymidine, and the synthesis of different size classes of replicon intermediates measured using the alkaline step elution assay. For all three cell lines tested, an immediate depression of low molecular weight DNA synthesis was observed. This was followed by an inhibition of all size classes of replicon intermediates. Within 12 h following irradiation, recovery of DNA synthesis was observed, which was generally most apparent for low molecular weight DNA. The ICR 2A cells exhibited a nearly full recovery in all size classes of DNA synthesized by 24 h. However, a much smaller recovery of DNA synthesis was detected for the DRP 36 and DRP 153 cultures. This continued inhibition was primarily in the synthesis of full replicon size DNA, and was most pronounced for the DRP 36 cells. Hence, it appears that replicon chain elongation continues to be inhibited in these solar UV-sensitive cell lines long after irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-138
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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