Inhibition and Crystal Structure of the Human DHTKD1-Thiamin Diphosphate Complex

João Leandro, Susmita Khamrui, Hui Wang, Chalada Suebsuwong, Natalia S. Nemeria, Khoi Huynh, Moses Moustakim, Cody Secor, May Wang, Tetyana Dodatko, Brandon Stauffer, Christopher G. Wilson, Chunli Yu, Michelle R. Arkin, Frank Jordan, Roberto Sanchez, Robert J. Devita, Michael B. Lazarus, Sander M. Houten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


DHTKD1 is the E1 component of the 2-oxoadipate dehydrogenase complex, which is an enzyme involved in the catabolism of (hydroxy-)lysine and tryptophan. Mutations in DHTKD1 have been associated with 2-aminoadipic and 2-oxoadipic aciduria, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2Q and eosinophilic esophagitis, but the pathophysiology of these clinically distinct disorders remains elusive. Here, we report the identification of adipoylphosphonic acid and tenatoprazole as DHTKD1 inhibitors using targeted and high throughput screening, respectively. We furthermore elucidate the DHTKD1 crystal structure with thiamin diphosphate bound at 2.25 Å. We also report the impact of 10 disease-associated missense mutations on DHTKD1. Whereas the majority of the DHTKD1 variants displayed impaired folding or reduced thermal stability in combination with absent or reduced enzyme activity, three variants showed no abnormalities. Our work provides chemical and structural tools for further understanding of the function of DHTKD1 and its role in several human pathologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2041-2047
Number of pages7
JournalACS Chemical Biology
Issue number8
StatePublished - 21 Aug 2020


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