Background: Catheter ablation is effective for eliminating most drug-refractory ventricular arrhythmias (VA). However, a major reason for procedural failure is arrhythmia originating deep within the myocardium where it is inaccessible to conventional endocardial or epicardial approaches. Affected patients have limited therapeutic options. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the safety and outcome of a novel radiofrequency ablation catheter that used an extendable/retractable 27-g needle capable of targeting deep arrhythmia (intramural) substrate. Methods: Patients who failed at least one prior catheter ablation procedure for sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) or nonsustained VA with associated left ventricular dysfunction were enrolled at 3 centers. The target was sustained monomorphic VT in 26 patients, including 8 with recent VT storm or VT requiring intravenous medication, and 5 with incessant VA associated with ventricular dysfunction. Results: Needle ablation was performed in 31 patients (median of 2 failed prior ablation procedures; 71% nonischemic heart disease). After a median of 15 needle lesions/patient, ablation abolished at least 1 inducible VT in 19 of 26 VT patients (73%), and suppressed ambient arrhythmia in 4 of 5 nonsustained arrhythmia patients. At the 6-month follow-up, 48% of patients were free of recurrent arrhythmia and another 19% were improved. Procedure-related complications included a single pericardial effusion treated with percutaneous drainage and a left ventricular pacing lead dislodgement with no deaths. Conclusions: In patients with recurrent ventricular arrhythmias refractory to medications and conventional catheter ablation, intramural needle radiofrequency ablation offers significant arrhythmia control with an acceptable procedural risk.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of the American College of Cardiology|
|State||Published - 2 Apr 2019|
- catheter ablation
- ventricular tachycardia