Influence of Race/Ethnicity and Sex on Coronary Stent Outcomes in Diabetic Patients

Kelly Epps, Ridhima Goel, Roxana Mehran, David Kandzari, Abdulla Damluji, Behnam Tehrani, Matthew Sherwood, Alexander Truesdell, Scott Davis, John C. Wang, Mario Lopez, Sarabjeet Singh, Paul Underwood, Dominic Allocco, Wayne Batchelor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: How diabetes mellitus (DM), race/ethnicity, and sex impact ischemic events following coronary artery stent procedures is unknown. Methods: Using the PLATINUM Diversity and PROMUS Element Plus Post-Approval Pooled Study (N = 4184), we examined the impact of race/ethnicity, sex, and DM on coronary stent outcomes. Primary outcome was 1-year major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (MACE composite: death, myocardial infarction [MI], and target vessel revascularization). Results: The study sample included 1437 diabetic patients (501 White men, 470 White women, 246 minority men, 220 minority women) and 2641 patients without medically treated DM (561 minority, 1090 women). Mean age (years) ranged from 61 in minority men to 65 in White women. Diabetic patients had a higher prevalence of atherosclerotic risk factors and comorbidities. Diabetic minority women (DMW; 70% Black, 27% Hispanic) had similar atherosclerotic risk factors to other diabetics, but experienced higher 1-year MACE (14.4% vs 7.5%, P < .01) and MI (4.3% vs 1.6%, P < .01) rates compared with patients without medically treated DM. No other diabetic cohort (White men, White women, minority men) showed an increased risk of MACE vs patients without medically treated DM. The incremental risk of MACE in DMW was associated with insulin use and persisted after risk adjustment (adjusted odds ratio 1.6 vs patients without medically treated DM; 95% CI, 1.0-2.5). Independent predictors of 1-year MACE included insulin use, hyperlipidemia, renal disease, and prior MI. Conclusions: DMW face the highest risk of ischemic events following coronary stenting, driven, in part, by insulin use. Aggressive secondary prevention and strict glycemic control are imperative in this cohort, and further research is warranted to elucidate the biologic mechanisms underpinning these observations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101053
JournalJournal of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2023

Keywords

  • coronary
  • diabetes
  • minority
  • outcomes
  • stent
  • women

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of Race/Ethnicity and Sex on Coronary Stent Outcomes in Diabetic Patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this