Influence of Ca-doped NaNbO3 and its heterojunction with g-C3N4 on the photoredox performance

Amit Singh Vig, Neha Rani, Aayush Gupta, O. P. Pandey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Undoped, Ca-doped NaNbO3 and its heterostructure with g-C3N4 have been successfully prepared through chemical route followed by heat treatment. All the prepared samples were analysed using XRD, FESEM, TEM and XPS spectroscopy for various structural and surface features. Further, absorbance (UV–visible)and photoluminescence (PL)spectroscopy revealed the bandgap narrowing and emission quenching, respectively as a result of doping and formation of heterojunction. Ca doped NaNbO3-C3N4 sample exhibited almost 100% photodegradation of methylene blue (MB)dye in 4 h. Here, the superoxide anion radical has been found as the active reactive oxidative species (ROS). Further, being a visible active catalyst, photocatalytic H2 evolution has also been studied through water splitting under solar irradiations in which H2 yield of 0.01, 0.03, 0.09 and 0.29 mmol (in 1 h)was observed using bare NaNbO3, Ca-NaNbO3, and their respective heterostructures, respectively. Modified oxygen vacancies and synergistic interracial interaction have induced such a noteworthy photocatalytic H2 evolution ability of as-prepared heterostructure with 3.45 mmol H2 yield 4 h of exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-479
Number of pages11
JournalSolar Energy
Volume185
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Degradation mechanism
  • H evolution
  • NaNbO
  • Photodegradation
  • Water splitting

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