Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection is a chronic disease without a known cure. The advent of effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) has enabled people with HIV (PWH) to have significantly prolonged life expectancies. As a result, morbidity and mortality associated with HIV-1 infection have declined considerably. However, these individuals experience chronic systemic inflammation whose multifaceted etiology is associated with other numerous comorbidities. Inflammasomes are vital mediators that contribute to inflammatory signaling in HIV-1 infection. Here, we provide an overview of the inflammatory pathway that underlies HIV-1 infection, explicitly highlighting the role of the NLRP3 inflammasome. We also delineate the current literature on inflammasomes and the therapeutic targeting strategies aimed at the NLRP3 inflammasome to moderate HIV-1 infection-associated inflammation. Here we describe the NLRP3 inflammasome as a key pathway in developing novel therapeutic targets to block HIV-1 replication and HIV-1-associated inflammatory signaling. Controlling the inflammatory pathways is critical in alleviating the morbidities and mortality associated with chronic HIV-1 infection in PWH.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Feb 2023|