Infectious influenza A and B virus variants with long carboxyl terminal deletions in the NS1 polypeptides

Gerard P. Norton, Toshinori Tanaka, Kiyotake Tobita, Susumu Nakada, Deborah A. Buonagurio, Deborah G0reenspan, Mark Krystal, Peter Palese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


An influenza A virus, A/turkey/Oregon/71, was shown by protein gel analysis to code for an NSi protein approximately half the size of those of other influenza A viruses. Sequence analysis of the NS gene of this virus revealed a 10 nucleotide deletion resulting in an NS1 protein of only 124 amino acids. This truncated NS1 polypeptide retained its karyophilic pattern as detected by indirect immunofluorescence analysis of virus infected cells. Also, A/turkey/Oregon/71 virus grew to high titer in embryonated chicken eggs comparable to other influenza A viruses. We also identified a laboratory variant of an influenza B virus, clone 201, which codes for a truncated NS1 protein. Sequence analysis revealed a 13 nucleotide deletion resulting in a shortened NSi protein of only 127 amino acids as compared to other influenza B virus NS1 proteins possessing a length of 281 amino acids. Again as shown for the NS1 proteins of other influenza B viruses the NSi polypeptide of B virus clone 201 was found to localize in the nucleus of infected cells. It appears that large deletions in the carboxyl terminus of the NS1 proteins of influenza A and B viruses can be tolerated without affecting the functional integrity of the NS1 polypeptide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-213
Number of pages10
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1987


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