Induction and activity of class II-restricted, Lyt-2+ cytolytic T-lymphocytes specific for the influenza H5 hemagglutinin

C. E. Hioe, V. S. Hinshaw

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Abstract

In influenza A virus infections, CTL are a significant component of the host immune response which limits viral replication and promotes recovery. To examine the CTL response to the influenza virus A/Ty/Ont/7732/66[H5N9], particularly the H5 hemagglutinin, a long term CTL line was generated from spleen cells of A/Ty/Ont-immune Balb/c [H-2(d)] mice secondarily stimulated in vitro with A/Ty/Cal/Hurst-2/71[H5N2]. This CTL line was highly specific for influenza viruses of the H5 subtype. From this line, clones were isolated by limiting dilution and shown to be H5 hemagglutinin-specific based on recognition of an H5 vaccinia virus recombinant (H5 Vac). The clones exhibited the classical CTL surface phenotype Lyt-1-2+L3T4-; however, unlike the typically class I-restricted Lyt-2+ CTL, they were restricted in antigen recognition by class II (I-E) MHC molecules based on target cell recognition and antibody blocking of cytotoxicity. The clones recognized both infectious and non-infectious A/Ty/Ont presented by class II+ target cells. In adoptive transfer studies to assess the biologic role of the clones in vivo, these class II-restricted clones did not appear to alter mortality. However, these cells significantly reduced both morbidity and virus titers in the lungs of infected animals at 5 days post-infection. Thus, in the immune response to this virus, class II-restricted Lyt-2+ CTL specific for the H5 hemagglutinin were readily generated and their biologic role in vivo involved viral clearance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2482-2488
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume142
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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