Increased rate of out-of-network surgeon selection for hip arthroscopy compared to more common orthopedic sports procedures

Ashley M. Rosenberg, Justin Tiao, David Kantrowitz, Timothy Hoang, Kevin C. Wang, Nicole Zubizarreta, Shawn G. Anthony

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Demand for hip arthroscopy (HA) has increased, but shortfalls in HA training may create disparities in care access. This analysis aimed to (1) compare out-of-network (OON) surgeon utilization for HA with that of more common orthopedics sports procedures, including rotator cuff repair (RCR), partial meniscectomy (PM), and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), (2) compare the HA OON surgeon rate with another less commonly performed procedure, meniscus allograft transplant (MAT), and (3) analyze trends and predictors of OON surgeon utilization. Methods: The 2013–2017 IBM MarketScan database identified patients under 65 who underwent HA, RCR, PM, ACLR, or MAT. Demographic differences were determined using standardized differences. Cochran-Armitage tests analyzed trends in OON surgeon utilization. Multivariable logistic regression identified predictors of OON surgeon utilization. Statistical significance was set to p < 0.05 and significant standardized differences were >0.1. Results: 410,487 patients were identified, of which 12,636 patients underwent HA, 87,607 RCR, 233,241 PM, 76,700 ACLR, and 303 MAT. OON surgeon utilization increased for HA, rising from 7.98 % in 2013 to 9.37 % in 2017 (p = 0.026). Compared to RCR, PM, and ACLR, HA was associated with higher likelihood of OON surgeon utilization. Usage of ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) was predictive of higher OON surgeon rates along with procedure year, insurance plan type, and geographic region. HA performed in an ASC was 13 % less likely to have an OON surgeon (p = 0.047). Conclusion: OON surgeon utilization generally declined but increased for HA. HA was a predictor of OON surgeon status, possibly because HA is a technically complicated procedure with fewer trained in-network providers. Other predictors of OON surgeon status included ASC usage, PPO/EPO plan type, and Northeast geographic region. There is a need to improve access to experienced HA providers—perhaps with prioritization of HA training in residency and fellowship programs—in order to address rising OON surgeon utilization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-98
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics
StatePublished - Apr 2024


  • Arthroscopy training
  • Disparity
  • Hip
  • Hip arthroscopy
  • Insurance


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