Increased Primary Bile Acids with Ileocolonic Resection Impact Ileal Inflammation and Gut Microbiota in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

JRI IBD Live Cell Bank Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Most Crohn’s disease [CD] patients require surgery. Ileitis recurs after most ileocolectomies and is a critical determinant for outcomes. The impacts of ileocolectomy-induced bile acid [BA] perturbations on intestinal microbiota and inflammation are unknown. We characterized the relationships between ileocolectomy, stool BAs, microbiota and intestinal inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. Methods: Validated IBD clinical and endoscopic assessments were prospectively collected. Stool primary and secondary BA concentrations were compared based on ileocolectomy and ileitis status. Primary BA thresholds for ileitis were evaluated. Metagenomic sequencing was use to profile microbial composition and function. Relationships between ileocolectomy, BAs and microbiota were assessed. Results: In 166 patients, elevated primary and secondary BAs existed with ileocolectomy. With ileitis, only primary BAs [795 vs 398 nmol/g, p = 0.009] were higher compared to without ileitis. The optimal primary BA threshold [≥228 nmol/g] identified ileitis on multivariable analysis [odds ratio = 2.3, p = 0.04]. Microbial diversity, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and O-acetylhomoserine aminocarboxypropyltransferase [MetY] were decreased with elevated primary BAs. Amongst ileocolectomy patients, only those with elevated primary BAs had diversity, F. prausnitzii and MetY reductions. Those with both ileocolectomy and intermediate [p = 0.002] or high [≥228 nmol/g, p = 9.1e-11]] primary BA concentrations had reduced F. prausnitzii compared to without ileocolectomy. Those with ileocolectomy and low [<29.2 nmol/g] primary BA concentrations had similar F. prausnitzii to those without ileocolectomy [p = 0.13]. MetY was reduced with ileitis [p = 0.02]. Conclusions: Elevated primary BAs were associated with ileitis, and reduced microbial diversity, F. prausnitzii abundance and enzymatic abundance of MetY [acetate and l-methionine-producing enzyme expressed by F. prausnitzii], and were the only factors associated with these findings after ileocolectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)795-803
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Crohn's and Colitis
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cholic acid
  • acetate
  • microbiome
  • surgery

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