Increased MYBL2 expression in aggressive hormone-sensitive prostate cancer

Yuki Yoshikawa, Konrad H. Stopsack, Xin Victoria Wang, Yu Hui Chen, Ying Z. Mazzu, Foster Burton, Goutam Chakraborty, Sai Harisha Rajanala, Rahim Hirani, Subhiksha Nandakumar, Gwo Shu Mary Lee, David Frank, Elai Davicioni, Glenn Liu, Michael A. Carducci, Haruhito Azuma, Philip W. Kantoff, Christopher J. Sweeney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Loss of the histone demethylase KDM5D (lysine-specific demethylase 5D) leads to in vitro resistance of prostate cancer cells to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with and without docetaxel. We aimed to define downstream drivers of the KDM5D effect. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) of the LNCaP cell line (androgen-sensitive human prostate adenocarcinoma) with and without silenced KDM5D, MYBL2-binding sites were analyzed. Associations between MYBL2 mRNA expression and clinical outcomes were assessed in cohorts of men with localized and metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. In vitro assays with silencing and overexpression of MYBL2 and KDM5D in androgen receptor (AR)-positive hormone-sensitive prostate cancer cell lines, LNCaP and LAPC4, were used to assess their influence on cellular proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle distribution, as well as sensitivity to androgen deprivation, docetaxel, and cabazitaxel. We found that silencing KDM5D increased histone H3 lysine K4 (H3K4) trimethylation and increased MYBL2 expression. KDM5D and MYBL2 were negatively correlated with some but not all clinical samples. Higher MYBL2 expression was associated with a higher rate of relapse in localized disease and poorer overall survival in men with metastatic disease in the CHAARTED trial. Lower MYBL2 levels enhanced LNCaP and LAPC4 sensitivity to androgen deprivation and taxanes. In vitro, modifications of KDM5D and MYBL2 altered cell cycle distribution and apoptosis in a cell line-specific manner. These results show that the transcription factor MYBL2 impacts in vitro hormone-sensitive prostate cancer sensitivity to androgen deprivation and taxanes, and lower levels are associated with better clinical outcomes in men with hormone-sensitive prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3994-4010
Number of pages17
JournalMolecular Oncology
Issue number22
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • MYBL2
  • androgen deprivation therapy
  • cell cycle
  • docetaxel


Dive into the research topics of 'Increased MYBL2 expression in aggressive hormone-sensitive prostate cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this