Scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI) is a multiligand cell-surface receptor that plays a central role in high density lipoprotein homeostasis in rodents. To investigate a role for SR-BI in atherosclerosis, mice with attenuated SR- BI expression were crossed with low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor- deficient mice. Compound-homozygous mutants showed increased plasma cholesterol, surprisingly due primarily to increased LDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein B levels. LDL turnover studies showed that this resulted from increased LDL cholesterol production rather than decreased LDL catabolism. Atherosclerotic lesion size was significantly increased in male compound- mutant mice relative to LDL receptor-deficient controls (93 427±-16 079 versus 34 448±-5 331 μm2, respectively; P=0.003). The proatherogenic effect of attenuated SR-BI expression may in part be due to increased LDL cholesterol levels. These findings suggest that upregulation of the receptor could have therapeutic potential for the treatment of atherosclerosis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology|
|State||Published - Apr 2000|
- Scavenger receptor BI