Increased hospitalization and mortality from covid-19 in prostate cancer patients

Dimple Chakravarty, Parita Ratnani, Stanislaw Sobotka, Dara Lundon, Peter Wiklund, Sujit S. Nair, Ashutosh K. Tewari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Cancer patients with COVID-19 have a poor disease course. Among tumor types, prostate cancer and COVID-19 share several risk factors, and the interaction of prostate cancer and COVID-19 is purported to have an adverse outcome. Methods: This was a single-institution retrospective study on 286,609 patients who underwent the COVID-19 test at Mount Sinai Hospital system from March 2020 to December 2020. Chi-square/Fisher’s exact tests were used to summarize baseline characteristics of categorical data, and Mann–Whitney U test was used for continuous variables. Univariable logistic regression analysis to compare the hospitalization and mortality rates and the strength of association was obtained by the odds ratio and confidence interval. Results: This study aimed to compare hospitalization and mortality rates between men with COVID-19 and prostate cancer and those who were COVID-19-positive with non-prostate genitourinary malignancy or any solid cancer, and with breast cancer patients. We also compared our studies to others that reported the incidence and severity of COVID-19 in prostate cancer patients. Our studies highlight that patients with prostate cancer had higher susceptibility to COVID-19-related pathogenesis, resulting in higher mortality and hospitalization rates. Hospitalization and mortality rates were higher in prostate cancer patients with COVID-19 when compared with COVID-19 patients with non-prostate genitourinary (GU) malignancies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1630
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Hospitalization
  • Mortality
  • Prostate cancer

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