In vivo RNA-seq and ChIP-seq analyses show an obligatory role for the C terminus of p53 in conferring tissue-specific radiation sensitivity

Lois Resnick-Silverman, Royce Zhou, Moray J. Campbell, Ian Leibling, Ramon Parsons, James J. Manfredi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thymus and spleen, in contrast to liver, are radiosensitive tissues in which p53-dependent apoptosis is triggered after whole-body radiation in vivo. Combined RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) analyses of radiation-treated mouse organs identifies both shared and tissue-specific p53 transcriptional responses. As expected, the p53 targets shared among thymus and spleen are enriched in apoptotic targets. The inability to upregulate these genes in the liver is not due to reduced gene occupancy. Use of an engineered mouse model shows that deletion of the C terminus of p53 can confer radiation-induced expression of p53 apoptotic targets in the liver with concomitant increased cell death. Global RNA-seq analysis reveals that an additional role of the C terminus is also needed for transcriptional activation of liver-specific p53 targets. It is hypothesized that both suppression of apoptotic gene expression combined with enhanced activation of liver-specific targets confers tissue-specific radio-resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112216
JournalCell Reports
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • CP: Cancer
  • CP: Molecular biology
  • ChIP-sequencing
  • RNA-sequencing
  • apoptosis
  • gene expression
  • p53
  • radiosensitivity
  • tissue specificity

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