In vivo delivery and long-term tissue retention of nanoencapsulated sirolimus using a novel porous balloon angioplasty system

Juan F. Granada, Armando Tellez, William R. Baumbach, Brendan Bingham, Yen Fang Keng, Jeffrey Wessler, Gerard Conditt, Jennifer McGregor, Gregg Stone, Greg L. Kaluza, Martin B. Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: Among antirestenotic compounds, sirolimus displays a superior safety profile compared to paclitaxel, but its pharmacokinetic properties make it a challenging therapeutic candidate for single-time delivery. Herein we evaluate the feasibility of delivery, long-term retention and vascular effects of sirolimus nanoparticles delivered through a novel porous angioplasty balloon in normal porcine arteries and in a swine model of in-stent restenosis (ISR). Methods and results: Sirolimus nanoparticle formulation was delivered via porous balloon angioplasty to 753 coronary artery segments for pharmacokinetic studies and 26 segments for biological effect of sirolimus delivery in different clinical scenarios (de novo [n=8], ISR [n=6] and following stent implantation [n=12]). Sirolimus coronary artery concentrations were above the target therapeutic level of 1 ng/mg after 26 days, and were >100-fold higher in coronary artery treatment sites than in distal myocardium and remote tissues at all time points. At 28 days, reduction in percent stenosis in formulation-treated sites compared to balloon angioplasty treatment was noted in all three clinical scenarios, with the largest effect seen in the de novo study. Conclusions: Local coronary delivery of sirolimus nanoparticles in the porcine model using a novel porous balloon delivery system achieved therapeutic long-term intra-arterial drug levels without significant systemic residual exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)740-747
Number of pages8
JournalEuroIntervention
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Drug-eluting balloon
  • Extended release
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Porcine coronary artery model
  • Porous angioplasty balloon
  • Sirolimus nanoparticle

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