In vitro activity of meropenem and four other antibiotics against 554 clinical strains obtained from Beijing in 1999

H. Wang, M. Chen, X. Xie, Y. Xu, X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Yuan, C. Wang, J. Liu, P. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In 1999, a surveillance study was initiated in a hospital in Beijing to monitor the potency and spectrum of five extended-spectrum β-lactam antimicrobial agents (meropenem, imipenem, cefepime, ceftazidime, and cefoperazone/sulbactam) tested against 554 strains of bacteria. Five groups of organisms were tested by the E-test method, with results validated by concurrent quality control strain analysis. Results were tabulated, and 100% of quality assurance tests (16/16 tests) were within ranges recommended by the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. Of the five β-lactam drugs tested, meropenem and imipenem were the most active against all isolates tested. Overall, the rank order of activity of the five agents was: meropenem (94.6% susceptible) > imipenem (90.1%) > cefepime (77.6%), cefoperazone/sulbactam (77.5%), ceftazidime (76.6%). Ninety-five percent of Enterobacter were to meropenem, while 82% were susceptible to imipenem. Meropenem was more active than imipenem against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of meropenem was eightfold lower than that of imipenem. Meropenem had excellent activity against Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and oxacillin-susceptible staphylococci.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-183
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Infection and Chemotherapy
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clinical isolated strains
  • MIC (E-test)
  • Meropenem
  • β-Lactams

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