In-hospital mortality of hepatorenal syndrome in the United States: Nationwide inpatient sample

Wisit Kaewput, Charat Thongprayoon, Carissa Y. Dumancas, Swetha R. Kanduri, Karthik Kovvuru, Chalermrat Kaewput, Pattharawin Pattharanitima, Tananchai Petnak, Ploypin Lertjitbanjong, Boonphiphop Boonpheng, Karn Wijarnpreecha, Jose L. Zabala Genovez, Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Caroline C. Jadlowiec, Fawad Qureshi, Wisit Cheungpasitporn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a life-threatening condition among patients with advanced liver disease. Data trends specific to hospital mortality and hospital admission resource utilization for HRS remain limited. AIM To assess the temporal trend in mortality and identify the predictors for mortality among hospital admissions for HRS in the United States. METHODS We used the National Inpatient Sample database to identify an unweighted sample of 4938 hospital admissions for HRS from 2005 to 2014 (weighted sample of 23973 admissions). The primary outcomes were temporal trends in mortality as well as predictors for hospital mortality. We estimated odds ratios from multilevel mixed effect logistic regression to identify patient characteristics and treatments associated with hospital mortality. RESULTS Overall hospital mortality was 32%. Hospital mortality decreased from 44% in 2005 to 24% in 2014 (P < 0.001), while there was an increase in the rate of liver transplantation (P = 0.02), renal replacement therapy (P < 0.001), length of hospital stay (P < 0.001), and hospitalization cost (P < 0.001). On multivariable analysis, older age, alcohol use, coagulopathy, neurological disorder, and need for mechanical ventilation predicted higher hospital mortality, whereas liver transplantation, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, and abdominal paracentesis were associated with lower hospital mortality. CONCLUSION Although there was an increase in resource utilizations, hospital mortality among patients admitted for HRS significantly improved. Several predictors for hospital mortality were identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7831-7843
Number of pages13
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Issue number45
StatePublished - 7 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Big data
  • Hepatorenal syndrome
  • Hospitalization
  • Liver transplantation
  • Mortality
  • Nationwide
  • Outcomes
  • Predictors


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