In-hospital mortality and morbidity after robotic coronary artery surgery

Paul Cavallaro, Amanda J. Rhee, Yuting Chiang, Shinobu Itagaki, Matthew Seigerman, Joanna Chikwe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Objectives The objective of this study was to assess the impact of robotic approaches on outcomes of coronary bypass surgery. Design Retrospective national database analysis. Setting United States hospitals. Participants A weighted sample of 484,128 patients undergoing isolated coronary artery surgery identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2008 through 2010. Interventions Robotically assisted coronary artery bypass surgery versus conventional bypass surgery. Measurements and Main Results Robotic approaches were used in 2,582 patients (0.4%). Patients undergoing robotic surgery were less likely to be female (odds ratio [OR] 0.71, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57-0.87), present with acute myocardial infarction (OR 0.53, 95% CI 0.38-0.73), or have cerebrovascular disease (OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.23-0.71) compared to patients undergoing conventional surgery. In 59% of robotic cases, a single bypass was performed, and 2 bypasses were performed in 25% of cases. After adjusting for comorbidity, reduced postoperative stroke (0.0% v 1.5%, p = 0.045) and transfusion (13.5% v 24.4%, p = 0.001) rates were observed in patients who underwent robotic single-bypass surgery compared to conventional surgery. In patients undergoing multiple bypass grafts, higher mortality (1.1% v 0.5%), and cardiovascular complications (12.2% v 10.6%) were observed when robotic assistance was used, but the differences were not statistically significant (p = 0.5). The mean number of robotic cases carried out annually at institutions sampled was 6. Conclusions Robotic assistance is associated with lower rates of postoperative complications in highly selected patients undergoing single coronary artery bypass surgery, but the benefits of this approach are reduced in patients who require multiple coronary artery bypass grafts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-31
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2015


  • CABG
  • coronary artery bypass grafts
  • robotics


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