Improvement of Blood Samples Preanalytic Management Alters the Clinical Results of Glucose Values: Population Study

Shlomi Codish, Doron Amichay, Maayan Yitshak-Sade, Roni Gat, Idit F. Liberty, Lena Novack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Prolonged time elapsing between the blood drawing and separation of the cell mass may result in decreased sample glucose levels due to continuous glycolysis. This can lead to underdiagnoses of hyperglycemic states and overdiagnosis of hypoglycemia. We aimed to evaluate the clinical impact of shortened transit time and earlier centrifugation of laboratory specimens on reported glucose results and diagnosis of clinically significant hypoglycemia (<50 mg/dL) or elevated glucose levels (>100 mg/dL). Methods: We assessed all fasting-serum glucose tests from the adult population (190 767 subjects) without known diabetes residing in Southern Israel. Before and after intervention periods were compared: 268 359 blood tests were performed during 2009-2010, and 317 336 during 2012-2013. Results: While glucose levels were 94.17 mg/dL ± 14.12 in 2012-2013 versus 83.53 mg/dL ± 14.50 in 2009-2010 (12.75% ± 0.88 increase, P <.001), the difference in glycated hemoglobin levels was statistically significant but clinically negligible: 5.84% ± 0.56 in 2012-2013 versus 5.88% ± 0.56 in 2009-2010 (0.53% ± 0.78 decrease, P <.01). There was an increased likelihood of a glucose result to be above 100 mg/dL following intervention: 9.80% versus 25.90%, P <.001. For clinics distanced over 40 km from the laboratory, age-adjusted odds ratio value was 1.26 (95% CI 1.13, 1.41). The proportion of samples with hypoglycemia values decreased from 0.33% to 0.03% (P <.001). Conclusions: We demonstrated an important change in glucose values over a two-year period following an improvement of the preanalytic processes. The intervention was related to an increase in the frequency of hyperglycemia results and a decrease in the number of hypoglycemia results. Future administrative projects should consider clinical consequences with involvement of all relevant stakeholders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-289
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of diabetes science and technology
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • blood samples
  • fasting glucose
  • glycolysis
  • hypoglycemia
  • preanalytic
  • specimen handling
  • specimen transport

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