Improved psychological status in a modified therapeutic community for homeless MICA men

Susan Egelko, Marc Galanter, Helen Dermatis, Eva Jurewicz, Andrea Jamison, Shannon Dingle, George De Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


An adaptation of the drug-free therapeutic community (TC) model to homeless men with comorbid mental illness and chemical addiction (MICA) was evaluated with respect to change in psychological status over the course of a six-month residential treatment. Psychological status was assessed by: the Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL90-R), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Shortened Manifest Anxiety Scale (SMAS), and Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (TSCS). A total of 52 out of an original study cohort of 124 residents were followed in longitudinal analyses to treatment midpoint, with a subset of 34 assessed through treatment completion. Significant, widespread psychological improvements were found during both the first and second half of treatment; it would appear that distress reduction was ongoing throughout treatment, with intrapersonal preceding interpersonal relief. The premise of applying a socially-based treatment to this population is discussed in light of these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-92
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Addictive Diseases
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Homelessness
  • MICA
  • TC


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