Implications of the world trade center health program (WTCHP) for the public health response to the great East Japan Earthquake

Michael A. Crane, Hyunje G. Cho, Phillip J. Landrigan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) on September 11, 2001 resulted in a serious burden of physical and mental illness for the 50,000 rescue workers that responded to 9/11 as well as the 400,000 residents and workers in the surrounding areas of New York City. The Zadroga Act of 2010 established the WTC Health Program (WTCHP) to provide monitoring and treatment of WTC exposure-related conditions and health surveillance for the responder and survivor populations. Several reports have highlighted the applicability of insights gained from the WTCHP to the public health response to the Great East Japan Earthquake. Optimal exposure monitoring processes and attention to the welfare of vulnerable exposed sub-groups are critical aspects of the response to both incidents. The ongoing mental health care concerns of 9/11 patients accentuate the need for accessible and appropriately skilled mental health care in Fukushima. Active efforts to demonstrate transparency and to promote community involvement in the public health response will be highly important in establishing successful long-term monitoring and treatment programs for the exposed populations in Fukushima.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-12
Number of pages8
JournalIndustrial Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2014


  • Disaster response
  • Fukushima
  • Mental health
  • Occupational medicine
  • World trade center


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