Implications of the changing epidemiology of inflammatory bowel disease in a changing world

Manasi Agrawal, Tine Jess

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The epidemiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has undergone considerable shifts since its emergence in the Western world over a century ago, especially in the last few decades, with increasing global burden of disease. IBD incidence continues to rise in developed countries in all age groups which is contributing to compounding prevalence. Further, IBD incidence is rising sharply in Asia and other recently developed and developing countries. In this review, we discuss the implications of changing trends of IBD epidemiology. First, changing patterns provide insights into IBD causes, as they occur concurrent with shifts in the environment, cultures, and attitudes. Understanding the impact of the environment on IBD risk can help towards prediction and prevention strategies. Second, we must prepare healthcare systems for the rising burden of IBD and address it at various levels towards improving outcomes and health, overall.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1113-1120
Number of pages8
JournalUnited European Gastroenterology Journal
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • epidemiology
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • prevention
  • ulcerative colitis

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