Implementation of low-dose CT screening in two different health care systems: Mount Sinai Healthcare System and Phoenix VA Health Care System

Claudia I. Henschke, David F. Yankelevitz, Artit Jirapatnakul, Rowena Yip, Vivian Reccoppa, Charlene Benjamin, Tserling Llamo, Angel Williams, Simon Liu, Daniel Max, Samuel M. Aguayo, Providencia Morales, Brian J. Igel, Hamed Abbaszadegan, Peter A. Fredricks, Daniel P. Garcia, Paska A. Permana, Janet Fawcett, Samir Sultan, Lorenza A. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Implementation of lung screening (LS) programs is challenging even among health care organizations that have the motivation, the resources, and more importantly, the goal of providing for life-saving early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of lung cancer. We provide a case study of LS implementation in different healthcare systems, at the Mount Sinai Healthcare System (MSHS) in New York City, and at the Phoenix Veterans Affairs Health Care System (PVAHCS) in Phoenix, Arizona. This will illustrate the commonalities and differences of the LS implementation process in two very different health care systems in very different parts of the United States. Underlying the successful implementation of these LS programs was the use of a comprehensive management system, the Early Lung Cancer Action Program (ELCAP) Management SystemTM. The collaboration between MSHS and PVAHCS over the past decade led to the ELCAP Management SystemTM being gifted by the Early Diagnosis and Treatment Research Foundation to the PVAHCS, to develop a "VA-ELCAP"version. While there remain challenges and opportunities to continue improving LS and its implementation, there is an increasing realization that most patients who are diagnosed with lung cancer as a result of annual LS can be cured, and that of all the possible risks associated with LS, the greater risk of all is for heavy cigarette smokers not to be screened. We identified 10 critical components in implementing a LS program. We provided the details of each of these components for the two healthcare systems. Most importantly, is that continual re-evaluation of the screening program is needed based on the ongoing quality assurance program and database of the actual screenings. At minimum, there should be an annual review and updating. As early diagnosis of lung cancer must be followed by optimal treatment to be effective, treatment advances for small, early lung cancers diagnosed as a result of screening also need to be assessed and incorporated into the entire screening and treatment program.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1064-1082
Number of pages19
JournalTranslational Lung Cancer Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Computed tomography
  • Health care systems
  • Screening
  • Veterans Administration


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