Impacto del trastorno de estrés postraumático por violencia interpersonal de las madres sobre su capacidad de predecir la comprension emocional del nino y su relación con la psicopatologia del nino

Translated title of the contribution: Impact of mothers’ IPV-PTSD on their capacity to predict their child’s emotional comprehension and its relationship to their child’s psychopathology

V. C. Pointet Perizzolo, J. Glaus, C. R. Stein, E. Willheim, M. Vital, E. Arnautovic, K. Kaleka, S. Rusconi Serpa, F. Pons, Dominik A. Moser, D. S. Schechter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Previous studies demonstrated that when the violence-exposed child becomes a mother and interacts with her own child during early sensitive periods for social-emotional development, she may have difficulties providing sensitive responsiveness to the child’s emotional communication. Such difficulties place the child’s development of emotional comprehension (EC) and related self-regulation at risk. The aim of this study was to examine how mothers’ interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic disorder (IPV-PTSD) would affect their children’s EC and their own ability to predict their children’s EC. We also investigated how mothers’ predictive ability would correlate with child psychopathology. Methods: Sixty-one mother–child dyads (36 with IPV-PTSD) participated in this study. Children’s (mean age = 7.0 years, SD = 1.1) EC was assessed with the Test of Emotion Comprehension (child TEC) and their psychopathology as reported by the mother was assessed with the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) and as evaluated by a clinician using selected modules of the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (K-SADS). Mothers were measured for IPV-PTSD with the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) and for their capacity to predict their child’s emotional comprehension (mother-responding-as-child TEC; mTEC). Results: We found no significant between-group differences in children’s level of EC. Maternal PTSD was associated with lower scores on the mTEC, however. Reduced maternal scores on the mTEC were significantly associated with maternal report of increased aggressive child behaviour and with depression symptoms on the K-SADS. Further, scores on the mTEC interacted with maternal report of child aggression on child oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms on the K-SADS. Conclusion: These findings support that improving maternal emotional comprehension may help reduce child risk for psychiatric morbidity in this population.

Translated title of the contributionImpact of mothers’ IPV-PTSD on their capacity to predict their child’s emotional comprehension and its relationship to their child’s psychopathology
Original languageSpanish
Article number2008152
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Emotional comprehension
  • child development
  • emotional regulation
  • intergenerational transmission
  • maternal PTSD

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