Impact of Renal Insufficiency in Patients Undergoing Primary Angioplasty for Acute Myocardial Infarction

H. Mehrdad Sadeghi, Gregg W. Stone, Cindy L. Grines, Roxana Mehran, Simon R. Dixon, Alexandra J. Lansky, Martin Fahy, David A. Cox, Eulogio Garcia, James E. Tcheng, John J. Griffin, Thomas D. Stuckey, Mark Turco, John D. Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

370 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - The prognostic importance of renal insufficiency (RI) in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has not been well characterized. Methods and Results - PCI was performed in 2082 AMI patients without shock presenting within 12 hours of symptom onset in a prospective, multicenter randomized trial. RI was defined as a calculated (Cockroft-Gault) creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≤60 mL/min. RI at baseline was present in 18% of patients. Compared with patients without RI, patients with RI were older and were more likely to be female; to have hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, or cerebrovascular disease; and to present in heart failure. Mortality was markedly increased in patients with versus without baseline RI both at 30 days (7.5% versus 0.8%, P<0.0001) and at 1 year (12.7% versus 2.4%, P<0.0001). Mortality rates increased incrementally for every 10-mL/min decrease in baseline CrCl. By multivariate analysis, reduced baseline CrCl was a powerful independent predictor of 30-day mortality (hazard ratio, 5.77; P<0.0001) and remained associated with reduced survival at 1 year (hazard ratio, 1.98; P=0.08). Hemorrhagic complications and transfusion requirements were also increased more than 2-fold in patients with RI, as were severe restenosis (diameter stenosis ≥70%; 20.6% versus 11.8%, P=0.024) and infarct artery reocclusion (14.7% versus 7.3%, P=0.02). Conclusions - Baseline RI in patients with AMI undergoing primary PCI is associated with a markedly increased risk of mortality, as well as bleeding and restenosis. Novel approaches are needed to improve the otherwise poor prognosis of patients with RI and AMI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2769-2775
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume108
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angioplasty
  • Kidney
  • Myocardial infarction

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