Impact of patient positioning on lung ultrasound findings in acute heart failure

Sarah E. Frasure, Danielle K. Matilsky, Sebastian D. Siadecki, Elke Platz, Turandot Saul, Resa E. Lewiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare lung ultrasound findings in both the supine and upright positions in heart failure patients presenting with dyspnea or chest pain.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed lung ultrasonography on 50 heart failure patients in the emergency department. Each subject underwent eight-zone lung sonography in the seated upright position, followed by a repeat ultrasound in the supine position. Each ultrasound video clip was later assigned a score (0-2 B-lines=0 points, 3-7 B-lines=1 point, >7 B-lines=2 points) by a physician who was blinded to patient position, chest zone, and clinical information. The median B-line score on eight-zone lung ultrasound was significantly higher in the supine (6, interquartile range (IQR) 2-10) vs the sitting position (5, IQR 1-8; p<0.001). Subjects with vascular congestion or pulmonary edema on chest x-ray (CXR) (n=29) also had higher median eight-zone B-line scores in the supine position (6, IQR 4-10) compared to the sitting position (5, IQR 2-8; p=0.002). Subjects without any acute pulmonary findings on CXR (n=19) had similar median eight-zone B-line scores in sitting (4, IQR 1-7) and supine positions (4, IQR 1-9, p=0.093).

CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that patient positioning may impact the number of B-lines on lung ultrasound in a heart failure population. A consistent approach to patient positioning during lung ultrasonography may be necessary in order to monitor dynamic changes in heart failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-332
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • B-lines
  • B-type natriuretic peptide levels
  • Heart failure
  • dyspnea
  • lung ultrasound

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