Impact of Intravascular Ultrasound-Derived Lesion-Specific Virtual Fractional Flow Reserve Predicts 3-Year Outcomes of Untreated Nonculprit Lesions: The PROSPECT Study

Fumiyasu Seike, Gary S. Mintz, Mitsuaki Matsumura, Ziad A. Ali, Mengdan Liu, Allen Jeremias, Ori Ben-Yehuda, Bernard De Bruyne, Patrick W. Serruys, Kazunori Yasuda, Gregg W. Stone, Akiko Maehara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic assessment of untreated nonculprit lesions was not studied in the PROSPECT study (Providing Regional Observations to Study Predictors of Events in the Coronary Tree). We developed a virtual intravascular ultrasound-derived lesion-specific fractional flow reserve (lesion-specific IVUS-FFR) algorithm to assess individual lesion-level FFR. We sought to investigate the relation between lesion-specific IVUS-FFR and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) arising from untreated nonculprit lesions in the PROSPECT study. METHODS: In PROSPECT, 697 patients with acute coronary syndromes underwent 3-vessel grayscale and virtual histology-IVUS to correlate untreated nonculprit plaque morphology with 3-year nonculprit related MACE (composite of cardiac death, cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, or rehospitalization due to unstable or progressive angina). Lesion-specific IVUS-FFR was calculated from volumetric IVUS lumen area measurements at 0.4 mm intervals by applying a mathematical circulation model using basic fluid dynamics equations. RESULTS: Lesion-specific IVUS-FFR was analyzable in 3227 nonculprit lesions in 660 patients among whom 54 nonculprit MACE events (3 myocardial infarctions) occurred at median 3.4-year follow-up. By receiver-operating characteristic analysis, the best cutoff value of lesion-specific IVUS-FFR to predict nonculprit MACE was ≤0.95. After adjusting for patient and lesion characteristics, lesion-specific IVUS-FFR (hazard ratio, 4.83 [95% CI, 2.20-10.61]; P<0.001) was an independent predictor of 3-year nonculprit MACE, in addition to minimum lumen area≤4.0 mm2, plaque burden ≥70%, and virtual histology thin-cap fibroatheroma. CONCLUSIONS: Minor reductions in lesion-specific IVUS-FFR were independently associated with future nonculprit MACE arising from untreated angiographically mild stenoses along with previously established high-risk lesion morphological characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)851-860
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • acute coronary syndromes
  • hemodynamics
  • ischemia
  • myocardial infarction
  • percutaneous coronary intervention

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