Impact of guidance provided by a multispectral digital skin lesion analysis device following dermoscopy on decisions to biopsy atypical melanocytic lesions

Richard R. Winkelmann, Jane Yoo, Natalie Tucker, Richard White, Darrell S. Rigel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine how a multispectral digital skin lesion analysis (MSDSLA) device data affects the biopsy performance of dermatologists and non-dermatologist practitioners following clinical and dermoscopic pigmented lesion evaluation. Design: MSDSLA employs near infrared light to image and analyze pigmented skin lesions. MSDSLA generates a "classifier score" based on morphological disorganization. Using a logistical regression model, 1) a probability of being melanoma and, 2) a probability of being melanoma, atypical melanocytic hyperplasia, or a high grade dysplastic nevus is computed. Participants were shown clinical images of 12 lesions (2 melanomas in situ, 3 invasive melanomas, and 7 low grade DNs). They were asked first if they would biopsy the lesion based on clinical images, again after observing dermoscopy images, and once more when presented with MSDSLA probability information. Setting: National dermoscopy conference. Participants: Sixty-four healthcare providers; 30 dermatologists and 34 non-dermatologist practitioners. Measurements: Sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic accuracy, biopsy rates Results: For the 30 dermatologists, sensitivity was 65 percent after clinical evaluation (C) and 65% post-dermoscopy (D) but improved to 91% after MSDSLA. For the 34 non-dermatologist practitioners, sensitivity improved from 66 percent (C) to 70 percent (D) to 95 percent after MSDSLA. With MSDSLA information, dermatologist specificity increased from 40 percent (D) to 58 percent while non-dermatologist practitioners specificity increased from 34 percent (D) to 55 percent. Diagnostic accuracy of malignant and benign lesions decreased for both groups 55 percent (C) to 51 percent (D) for dermatologists and 54 percent (C) to 49 percent (D) for non-dermatologist practitioners. However, diagnostic accuracy increased to 72 percent for dermatologists and 72 percent for non-dermatologist practitioners with MSDSLA data. Non-melanoma biopsy percentages by dermatologists increased from 53 percent (C) to 60 percent (D), but decreased to 42 percent when provided with MSDSLA data. Similarly, non-dermatologist practitioners' biopsy percentages of nonmelanomas increased from 55 percent (C) to 66 percent (D) and decreased to 45 percent with MSDSLA. Conclusion: Decisions to biopsy atypical melanocytic lesions were more sensitive and specific when MSDSLA information was provided for both dermatologists and nondermatologist practitioners. Both groups were also less likely to biopsy nonmelanomas after MSDSLA evaluation. The authors' results suggest providing practitioners with MSDSLA data leads to improved biopsy accuracy decreasing the number of nonessential biopsies for nonmelanocytic lesions even after dermoscopic evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-24
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume8
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

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