Impact of Clinical Presentation on Outcomes After Rotational Atherectomy in Patients Who Underwent Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Ali Farooq, Anoop N. Koshy, Gennaro Giustino, Samantha Sartori, Clayton Snyder, Amit Hooda, Serdar Farhan, Htoo Kyaw, Mahin Khan, Manish Vinayak, Ayush Arora, Vishal Dhulipala, Javed Suleman, Parasuram Krishnamoorthy, Sahil Khera, Joseph Sweeny, Roxana Mehran, Annapoorna S. Kini, Samin K. Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rotational atherectomy (RA) is widely used in the percutaneous treatment of heavily calcified coronary artery lesions in patients with chronic coronary syndromes (CCS). However, the safety and efficacy of RA in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is not well established and is considered a relative contraindication. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of RA in patients presenting with non–ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), unstable angina (UA), and CCS. Consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with RA between 2012 and 2019 at a tertiary single center were included. Patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) were excluded. The primary end points of interest were procedural success and procedural complications. The secondary end point was the risk of death or MI at 1 year. A total of 2,122 patients who underwent RA were included, of whom 1,271 presented with a CCS (59.9%), 632 presented with UA (29.8%), and 219 presented with NSTEMI (10.3%). Although an increased rate of slow-flow/no-reflow was noted in the UA population (p = 0.03), no significant difference in procedural success or procedural complications, including coronary dissection, perforation, or side-branch closure, was noted (p = NS). At 1 year, there were no significant differences in death or MI between CCS and non–ST-elevation ACS (NSTE-ACS: UA + NSTEMI; adjusted hazard ratio 1.39, 95% confidence interval 0.91 to 2.12); however, patients who presented with NSTEMI had a higher risk of death or MI than CCS (adjusted hazard ratio 1.79, 95% confidence interval 1.01 to 3.17). Use of RA in NSTE-ACS was associated with similar procedural success without an increased risk of procedural complications compared with patients with CCS. Although patients presenting with NSTEMI remained at higher risk of long-term adverse events, RA appears to be safe and feasible in patients with heavily calcified coronary lesions presenting with NSTE-ACS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-259
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume201
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2023

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