Impact of a focused trauma course on retention of provider skills, knowledge and confidence at a regional hospital in the Dominican Republic

Shameeke Taylor, Nita Avrith, George Loo, Ramón Millán, Benjamin A. Wyler, Ben McVane, Gabriel R. Prager, Heidi Baer, Deepti Thomas-Paulose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Introduction: Road traffic accidents are a public health epidemic, causing significant morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries. The Dominican Republic (DR) ranks among the highest road traffic fatality rates in the world. There is no formalized trauma curriculum in the DR. A short trauma course was implemented at a San Pedro de Macoris, DR hospital with pre-, post- and retention evaluation of the knowledge, skills and confidence of the providers. Methods: A 4-day trauma course was developed for medical students and residents. On days 1 and 4, providers completed pre- and post-training assessments consisting of a 40-question written exam, 1 simulation case and a trauma confidence questionnaire. Simulation cases were evaluated using a critical actions checklist and a non-technical skills scale (TNOTECHS). Assessments were repeated in 2 months to evaluate for knowledge, skill and confidence retention. A repeated measures ANOVA model was used to evaluate pre-, post- and retention training differences in the written exam, non-technical skills and critical actions scores. Confidence scores were assessed using a cumulative logistic regression model. Results: A total of 65 people participated (36 medical students, 22 EM and 7 family medicine residents). Of the 65 participants, 39, 22 and 21 participants had complete scores for pre-post, pre-retention and post-retention comparisons respectively. Mean test scores for the written exam were 37.2, 63.5 and 52.2 for pre, post and retention results respectively. Comparisons between pre and post as well as pre and retention showed statistically significant differences (p=0.0001). Mean TNOTECHS total scores were 15.8, 21.3 and 20.8 for pre-, post- and retention results respectively with a significant difference found between pre- and post- training and pre- and retention training (p <0.05). Simulation mean checklist scores were 57.7%, 67.8% and 74.1% for pre-, post- and retention training respectively with a significant difference established between pre- and retention scores (p<0.05). Provider opinion that their ED patients received best care possible and patients’ needs were identified and addressed showed statistically significant increases. Conclusion: A short trauma course can improve trauma specific knowledge, skills and confidence with significant retention at two months. A longitudinal trauma curriculum may bolster retention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2526-2533
Number of pages8
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • Dominican Republic
  • Emergency medicine
  • Global health
  • Medical education
  • Simulation
  • Trauma


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